Modern Chinese character ri meaning "day" or "Sun" A logogram is a single written character which represents a complete grammatical word. Most traditional Chinese characters are classified as logograms. As each character represents a single word or, more precisely, a morphememany logograms are required to write all the words of language. The vast array of logograms and the memorization of what they mean are major disadvantages of logographic systems over alphabetic systems.
Acronym for grapheme cluster. Acronym for Graphic Character Global Identifier. Partition of the characters into major classes such as letters, punctuation, and symbols, and further subclasses for each of the major classes.
Also known by the abbreviation "g11n". Note that the meaning of "globalization" which is relevant to software products should be distinguished from the more widespread use of "globalization" in the context of economics.
See internationalizationlocalization. In displaying Unicode character data, one or more glyphs may be selected to depict a particular character. These glyphs are selected by a rendering engine during composition and layout processing.
A numeric code that refers to a glyph.
Usually, the glyphs contained in a font are referenced by their glyph code. Glyph codes may be local to a particular font; that is, a different font containing the same glyphs may use different codes.
Similar to a glyph code, a glyph identifier is a label used to refer to a glyph within a font. A font may employ both local and global glyph identifiers. The actual, concrete image of a glyph representation having been rasterized or otherwise imaged onto some display surface.
A collection of properties that specify the relative size and positioning along with other features of a glyph. Conversely, a lowercase italiform letter a and a lowercase Roman letter a are not distinct graphemes because no word is distinguished on the basis of these two different forms.
See definition D58 in Section 3. A grapheme cluster represents a horizontally segmentable unit of text, consisting of some grapheme base which may consist of a Korean syllable together with any number of nonspacing marks applied to it.
See definition D59 in Section 3. Grapheme extender characters consist of all nonspacing marks, zero width joiner, zero width non-joiner, and a small number of spacing marks. See definition D50 in Section 3.
Punctuation marks resembling small less-than and greater-than signs, used as quotation marks in French and other languages.
A preferred Hindi synonym for a virama. It literally means killer, referring to its function of killing the inherent vowel of a consonant letter.
In the Devanagari script and certain other scripts of the Brahmi family of Indic scripts, a dead consonant may be depicted in the so-called half-form.To know how to write a russian accent, or speak it, the imitator must analyse it: the russiant accent can be obtained by taking a lower tone and adapting the pronunciation like rolling r..
Unavoidable in every movie about the Cold War, Moscow or the Russian mafia, the Russian characters are always with an austere and unpleasant voice. Writing Accents and Dialects.
When writing for a character with an accent, it is tempting to render the character's speech phonetically using nonstandard spellings. However, this practice is risky and should be avoided, unless you specifically want to emphasize how a character speaks.
First, there's the question of how accurate to be. We have a long literary tradition of writing dialogue in accents and dialect. Mark Twain comes to mind, as a master of the written idiom. Dialect instantly gives characters authenticity and offers insight into their attitudes, background, and education.
An accent allows the reader to use their sense of hearing and gives text depth and flavor. To achieve moderation when writing accents, first, do some careful research on your character’s particular accent or dialect. Check out other books with similar characters.
Then choose just half a dozen or so nonstandard spellings and contractions, and use them consistently. If you’re writing dialogue for a character with an accent, you can use creative spelling and punctuation to add flavor to your prose and give your audience a sense of where the characters come from.
To achieve moderation when writing accents, first, do some careful research on your character’s particular accent or dialect. Check out other books with similar characters. Then choose just half a dozen or so nonstandard spellings and contractions, and use them consistently.