Here are the main accords. March 3, - The first peace treaty of the conflict, it was agreed between Russia -- which had sided with the Allies -- and Germany and other members of its Central Powers coalition. Inked in the German-occupied city of Brest-Litovsk, today's Brest in Belarus, it followed a December armistice sought by an overwhelmed Russia immediately after its October Marxist revolution. The terms were harsh:
Loss of all overseas colonies including TogoCameroonsNamibiaand Tanzania. Military Restrictions on Germany[ edit ] The Rhineland to be a demilitarized zone. The German armed forces cannot number more thantroops and no conscription Manufacturing of weapons is prohibited. Import and export of weapons is prohibited.
Manufacture or stockpiling of poison gas is prohibited. Naval forces limited to 12 destroyers, 6 battleships, and 6 cruisers. Economic Restrictions on Germany[ edit ] Compensation for all damages. Territorial Losses[ edit ] On its eastern frontier Germany was forced to cede to the newly independent Poland the province of West Prussiathereby granting Poland access to the Baltic Seawhile Germany lost land access to the province of East Prussia.
Danzig was declared a free city under the permanent governance of the League of Nations. Much of the province of Posenwhich, like West Prussia, had been acquired by Prussia in the late 18th-century partitions of Poland, was likewise granted to the restored Polish state.
Also transferred from Germany to Poland, as the result of a later plebiscite, was a significant portion of coal-rich and industrially developed Upper Silesia. Germany was also compelled to yield control of its colonies.
Although these colonies had proven to be economic liabilities, they had also been symbols of the world-power status that Germany had gained in the s and '90s.
Article of the treaty transferred German concessions in ShandongChina to Japan rather than returning sovereign authority to China.
Chinese outrage over this provision led to demonstrations and a cultural movement known as the May Fourth Movement and influenced China not to sign the treaty. China declared the end of its war against Germany in September and signed a separate treaty with Germany in Besides the loss of the German colonial empire the territories Germany lost were: Alsace-Lorrainethe territories which were ceded to Germany in accordance with the Preliminaries of Peace signed at Versailles on February 26, and the Treaty of Frankfurt of May 10, were restored to French sovereignty without a plebiscite as from the date of the Armistice of November 11 Parts of West Prussia were ceded to Poland to provide free access to the sea, along with a sizeable German minority, creating the Polish corridor.
From the eastern part of West Prussia and the southern part of East Prussia Warmia and Masuriaa small area to Poland, The province of Saarland to be under the control of the League of Nations for 15 years, after that a plebiscite between France and Germany, to decide to which country it would belong.
During this time the coal to be sent to France. Germany acknowledges and will respect strictly the independence of Austria. World War I reparations Article of the Treaty of Versailles assigned blame for the war to Germany; much of the rest of the Treaty set out the reparations that Germany would pay to the Allies.
The total sum due was decided by an Inter-Allied Reparations Commission. In many ways, the Versailles reparations was a reply to the reparations placed upon France by Germany through the Treaty of Frankfurt.
Signed after the Franco-Prussian WarFrance took huge loans in order to pay the reparations bybecause the Treaty conditions allowed the German Army to occupy France until the war reparations were paid.
The Versailles Reparations came in a variety of forms, including coal, steel and agricultural products.
The standard view is that the reparations were the cause of Germany's economic woes and the concomitant rise of Nazism to power. However, this is a topic which is still the subject of debate among historians.
League of Nations[ edit ] The treaty provided for the creation of the League of Nations, a major goal of U. The League of Nations was intended to arbitrate international disputes and thereby avoid future wars.
Only three of Wilson's Fourteen Points were realized, since Wilson was compelled to compromise with Clemenceau, Lloyd George and Orlando on some points in exchange for retaining approval of Wilson's "fourteenth point," the League of Nations. Reaction to the treaty[ edit ] Reaction of the Allies[ edit ] The French felt that they had been slighted, and subsequently voted out Clemenceau at the next election.
Britain as a whole was at first content, but then felt that the Treaty was too harsh. The United States Senate refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles, making it invalid in the United States and effectively hamstringing the nascent League of Nations envisioned by Wilson.
The largest obstacle faced in the ratification of the Treaty of Versailles was the opposition of Henry Cabot Lodge. It has also been said that Wilson himself was the second-largest obstacle, primarily because he refused to support the treaty with any of the alterations proposed by the United States Senate.
Reaction in Germany[ edit ] The treaty evoked an angry and hostile reception in Germany from the moment its contents were made known. The Germans were outraged and horrified at the result - since Wilson's idealistic fourteen points had painted the picture of a different outcome.
They did not feel that they were responsible for starting the war nor did they feel as though they had lost. The German people had understood the negotiations at Versailles to be a peace conference and not a surrender.Causes for World War II UNDERLYING: •Treaty of Versailles unrealistic expectations of the Germans •Failure of League of Nations •German Nationalism •Germans had a lot to prove to themselves and the world •The Conditions were ripe for a powerful dictator to rise up and re- Causes for World War II DIRECT CAUSE: •Germany.
The Versailles Treaty of was one of the most outrageous and predatory treaties in history. It was a blatant act of plunder perpetrated by a gang of robbers against a .
Jun 12, · The Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles made at the end of WWI was a major cause of the Second World War.
The Treaty of Versailles had severe conditions and demanded Germany to pay a huge amount of money for the damages that they had done to the victorious torosgazete.com: Random Stuff. World War torosgazete.com were two world wars, World War1 and World War 11 in the 20th century fought across the globe and had dire effects on humanity and infrastructure.
Indeed, the effects of the two wars were felt in almost all countries. World War1 was fought mostly in Europe between and • The Treaty of Versailles were harsh, which led to anger Germans. • The Treaty of Versailles is NOT the direct cause of World War II ADOLF HITLER Adolf Hitler was a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party and Chancellor of Germany.
As dictator of Nazi. Treaty of Versailles is a peace treaty between the Allies and Germany in What helped that causes WW II in Versailles Treaty? The Treaty of Versailles helped caused World War II by treating Germany harshly in at least three ways is Territorial Loss, Military Reduction and Economic Reparation.