Scope and Role of Distributive Principles Distributive principles vary in numerous dimensions. They vary in what is considered relevant to distributive justice income, wealth, opportunities, jobs, welfare, utility, etc.
Any or all of the approaches listed later on below will improve organizational performance depending on if they are implemented comprehensively and remain focused on organizational results. Each includes regular recurring activities to establish organizational goals, monitor progress toward the goals, and make adjustments to achieve those goals more effectively and efficiently.
Typically, these become integrated into the overall recurring management systems in the organization as opposed to being used primarily in one-time projects for change -- see Organizational Change and Development to Improve Performance later on below.
Some of the following, e. However, if these two concepts are instilled across the organization and focus on organizational results, they contribute strongly to organizational performance. On the other hand, the Balanced Scorecard, which is deliberately designed to be comprehensive and focused on organizational results, will not improve performance if not implemented from a strong design.
For example, a large organization with highly standardized processes such as a manufacturing company with assembly lines can carry out numerous and ongoing measurements in a straightforward fashion.
It also has extensive resources to conduct the measurements and analyze results. Therefore, the organization might pursue ISO certification, including through use of continuous improvements in an overall Total Quality Management approach.
The organization may establish numerous benchmarks for comparison to other organizations in the industry to get perspective on how well the organization is doing, what results to pursue, etc.
On the other hand, a risk management company specializing in consultation to protect against terrorism, has a bigger challenge to identify and track performance results. Therefore, the risk management company may choose to use business process reengineering to completely redesign their organization from the ground up.
Follow the link to get more information about each of the approaches.
There certainly are other approaches than those listed below for a planned, comprehensive approach to increasing organizational performance. It may very well be that the vast majority of approaches used in organizations are highly customized to the nature of the organizations, and therefore not publicized or formalized in management literature.
3 Elements of a Health Impact Assessment Chapter 2 established the rationale for examining the potential effects of decisions on health and health disparities and highlighted health impact assessment (HIA) as a potential tool for assessing the health implications of various decisions. The Differing Principles of Assessment of Damages in Tort and Contract (By Raphael Kok) For those in the legal fraternity, the question of whether a legal wrong has been committed in various situations predominantly occupies their concentration. assessment. Such assessments include multiple-choice, matching, and true-false tests. Alternatively, an assessment can require a student to develop his or her own answer in response to a stimulus, or prompt. An assessment of this form, such as one that requires an essay or a solution to a mathematical problem, is called a constructed-response assessment.
Using standard measurements in a service or industry for comparison to other organizations in order to gain perspective on organizational performance.
For example, there are emerging standard benchmarks for universities, hospitals, etc. In and of itself, this is not an overall comprehensive process assured to improve performance, rather the results from benchmark comparisons can be used in more overall processes.
Benchmarking is often perceived as a quality initiative. Focuses on improving customer satisfaction through continuous and incremental improvements to processes, including by removing unnecessary activities and variations.
Continuous improvement is often perceived as a quality initiative. Cultural change is a form of organizational transformation, that is, radical and fundamental form of change.
Cultural change involves changing the basic values, norms, beliefs, etc. Is an internationally recognized standard of quality, and includes guidelines to accomplish the ISO standard.
Organizations can be optionally audited to earn ISO certification. Another major quality standard is the Baldridge Award. ISO is a quality initiative. Focuses on collection and management of critical knowledge in an organization to increase its capacity for achieving results. Knowledge management often includes extensive use of computer technology.
In and of itself, this is not an overall comprehensive process assured to improve performance. Its effectiveness toward reaching overall results for the organization depends on how well the enhanced, critical knowledge is applied in the organization.
Includes extensive use of principles of systems theory. Its effectiveness toward reaching overall results for the organization depends on how well the enhanced ability to learn is applied in the organization.The economic, political, and social frameworks that each society has—its laws, institutions, policies, etc.—result in different distributions of benefits and burdens across members of the society.
The Guidelines for Assessment of and Intervention with Persons with Disabilities is an invitation to dialogue, not a set of directives.
It is a living document that . Assessment for Learning (AfL), as a way to promote learning, requires a ‘match’ or a shared focus between student and teacher to be effective. But students and teachers may differ in their perceptions of the purpose and process of classroom assessment meant to promote learning.
Perceptions. Special assessment is the term used in the United States to designate a unique charge that government units can assess against real estate parcels for certain public projects.
This charge is levied in a specific geographic area known as a special assessment district (SAD). A special assessment may only be levied against parcels of real estate which have been identified as having received a. A Introducing the Principles of Assessment.
A new online course that provides a thorough, accessible grounding in the principles of assessment. This guide establishes principles of risk management, and the “Risk Management Assessment Framework” 1 provides a means of assessing the maturity of risk management.