These, along with Dholavira, are called the nucleus cities of the civilization. Harappa, the first discovered site of this civilization was on bank of river Ravi, while Mohenjo-Daro was on banks of Indus River.
The Indus Valley Civilisation was also named as the Harappan civilisation after Harappathe first of its sites to be excavated in the s, in what was then the Punjab province of British India. The Kulli culture of Balochistan, of which more than settlement sites are known, can be regarded as a local variant of the IVC, or a related culture.
The geography of the Indus Valley put the civilisations that arose there in a highly similar situation to those in Egypt and Peruwith rich agricultural lands being surrounded by highlands, desert, and ocean.
Recently, Indus sites have been discovered in Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as well. Other IVC colonies can be found in Afghanistan while smaller isolated colonies can be found as far away as Turkmenistan and in Maharashtra. John wrote, "I was much exercised in my mind how we were to get ballast for the line of the railway".
They were told of an ancient ruined city near the lines, called Harappa. Visiting the city, he found it full of hard well-burnt bricks, and, "convinced that there was a grand quarry for the ballast I wanted", the city of Harappa was reduced to ballast.
Mackayand Marshall. Bymuch of Mohenjo-daro had been excavated, but excavations continued, such as that led by Sir Mortimer Wheelerdirector of the Archaeological Survey of India in Outposts of the Indus Valley civilisation were excavated as far west as Sutkagan Dor in Pakistani Balochistanas far north as at Shortugai on the Amu Darya the river's ancient name was Oxus in current Afghanistanas far east as at AlamgirpurUttar Pradesh, India and as far south as at Malwanin modern-day SuratGujarat, India.
The Indus Valley Civilisation site was hit by almost 10 feet of water as the Sutlej Yamuna link canal overflowed. Periodisation of the Indus Valley Civilisation The cities of the Indus Valley Civilisation had "social hierarchies, their writing system, their large planned cities and their long-distance trade [which] mark them to archaeologists as a full-fledged 'civilisation.
Fig. The Indus Valley Civilization. The Indus Valley Civilization was spread throughout the northwestern part of the Indian Subcontinent in an area roughly the size of Texas. The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC), or Harappan Civilisation, was a Bronze Age civilisation (– BCE; mature period – BCE) mainly in the northwestern regions of South Asia.   Along with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, it was one of three early cradles of civilisations of the Old World, and of the three, the most. One of the most remarkable features of the Indus valley civilization is that the city was provided with an excellent closed drainage system. Each house had its own drainage and soak pit which was connected to the public drainage.
With the inclusion of the predecessor and successor cultures — Early Harappan and Late Harappan, respectively — the entire Indus Valley Civilisation may be taken to have lasted from the 33rd to the 14th centuries BCE. It is part of the Indus Valley Tradition, which also includes the pre-Harappan occupation of Mehrgarh, the earliest farming site of the Indus Valley.Salient Features of the Harappan Culture.
The seals and the terracotta models of the Indus valley reveal the use of bullock carts and oxen for land transport and boats and ships for river and sea transport. Social Life. The Harappan Civilization. Metal Age. Neolithic Age. 1. The Indus Valley Civilization Preview What came to be called Hinduism was an amalgamation of beliefs and practices from several sources.
This chapter focuses on the first of the two major contributors: the ndus Valley Civilization. i in subsequent.
The four Baluchi cultures, viz, Zhob, Quetta, Nal and Kulli, undoubtedly pre-Harappan, also have some minor common features with the Indus civilisation, and cannot be considered as full-fledged proto-Harappan cultures.
The valley of river Indus in India was the centre of great civilization.
However till the first quarter of the twentieth century the modern world was completely in dark regarding the civilisation.
In , archaeological excavations were carried out at Harappa in the Montogomery district of West. Salient Features Of Indus Valley Civilisation.
The Indus Valley Civilization was one of the first civilizations in the world. It was located in the southwest part of present day India along the Indus River. This civilization started around BC the same time as the Mesopotamia s, Egyptians, and the Chinese. The Salient features of the Indus Valley Civilization are as follows: The Harappan culture covered parts of Punjab, Sind, Baluchistan, Gujarat, Rajasthan and the fringes of western Uttar’ “Pradesh.