Polynices and his brother Eteocles, however, are both dead, killed by each other, according to the curse of Oedipus, their father. Outside the city gates, Antigone tells Ismene that Creon has ordered that Eteocles, who died defending the city, is to be buried with full honors, while the body of Polynices, the invader, is left to rot. Furthermore, Creon has declared that anyone attempting to bury Polynices shall be publicly stoned to death.
Life[ edit ] A marble relief of a poet, perhaps Sophocles Sophocles, the son of Sophilus, was a wealthy member of the rural deme small community of Hippeios Colonus in Atticawhich was to become a setting for one of his plays, and he was probably born there.
Instead of following the usual custom of choosing judges by lot, the archon asked Cimon and the other strategoi present to decide the victor of the contest.
Plutarch further contends that following this loss Aeschylus soon left for Sicily. For this, he was given the posthumous epithet Dexion receiver by the Athenians. The most famous is the suggestion that he died from the strain of trying to recite a long sentence from his Antigone without pausing to take a breath.
Another account suggests he choked while eating grapes at the Anthesteria festival in Athens. A third holds that he died of happiness after winning his final victory at the City Dionysia. In that work, a character named Myrtilus, in a lengthy banquet speech claims that Ion of Chios writes in his book Encounters, that Sophocles loved boys as much as Euripides loved women.
Myrtilus also repeats an anecdote reportedly told by Ion of Chios that involves Sophocles flirting with a serving boy at a symposium. It was not until after the death of the old master Aeschylus in BC that Sophocles became the pre-eminent playwright in Athens.
Of the others, Electra shows stylistic similarities to these two plays, which suggests that it was probably written in the latter part of his career. All three plays concern the fate of Thebes during and after the reign of King Oedipus.
Not only are the Theban plays not a true trilogy three plays presented as a continuous narrative but they are not even an intentional series and contain some inconsistencies among them.
His family is fated to be doomed for three generations. In Oedipus RexOedipus is the protagonist. Oedipus meets a man at a crossroads accompanied by servants; Oedipus and the man fight, and Oedipus kills the man who was his father, Laius, although neither knew at the time.
He becomes the ruler of Thebes after solving the riddle of the sphinx and in the process, marries the widowed queen, his mother Jocasta. Thus the stage is set for horror.
When the truth comes out, following from another true but confusing prophecy from Delphi, Jocasta commits suicide, Oedipus blinds himself and leaves Thebes. At the end of the play, order is restored.
This restoration is seen when Creon, brother of Jocasta, becomes king, and also when Oedipus, before going off to exile, asks Creon to take care of his children. Oedipus dies and strife begins between his sons Polyneices and Eteocles.
The king of the land, Creon, has forbidden the burial of Polyneices for he was a traitor to the city. Antigone decides to bury his body and face the consequences of her actions. Creon sentences her to death.A summary of Antigone, lines 1– in Sophocles's The Oedipus Plays.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Oedipus Plays and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
The most famous tragedies of Sophocles feature Oedipus and also Antigone: they are generally known as the Theban plays, although each play was actually a part of a different tetralogy, the other members of which are now lost.
Sophocles' Antigone is from his earlier period. It focuses on the conflict between opposing moralities. Antigone's views are based on the decrees of the gods. Antigone Analysis Sophocles. Creon and Antigone represent the opposing sides of the conflicts between male and female, loyalty and rebellion, and one's civic duty vs.
one's family obligations. antigone Tomb, bridal-chamber, eternal prison in the caverned rock, whither go to find mine own, those many who have perished, and whom Persephone hath received among the dead! Last of all shall I pass thither, and far most miserably of all, before the term of my life is spent.
Sophocles' Antigone is from his earlier period. It focuses on the conflict between opposing moralities. Antigone's views are based on the decrees of the gods.
Creon's ethics are based on earthly law. Ultilmately, Creon suffers from his lack of moral insight. Theme. The theme of Antigone is pertinent today.