Meno Summary In conversation with Socrates, Meno asks whether virtue can be taught.
What does it mean to know something? And how does a person gain knowledge? A contemporary introduction to Philosophy may describe knowledge as the following: However, since discussions of Philosophy should be historically informed we are going to start from the beginning; that is, in Ancient Greece with Plato.
Philosophy is a hard subject.
You must also read some ancient philosophical literature, to avoid becoming slaves to contemporary thought. One of the aim of this blog is to encourage its readers, and me the writer, to engage with ancient texts themselves.
Philosophy, as mentioned in my last post, is traditionally divided into a number of branches, or areas of enquiry.
Epistemology is sometimes called the grand daddy of Philosophy as it bears on all other areas of enquiry; indeed, my anthology of Western Philosophy starts with extracts on the subject of knowledge and certainty before exploring the other lofty branches of philosophy such as metaphysics, ethics, personal identity, and many more.
In this extract, Socrates has just flummoxed Meno with his famous Socratic method of questioning, leaving Meno in a state of confusion and ignorance which he compares to being stung by a torpedo fish and paralyzed.
You can read the whole dialogue here: For Socrates, virtue is intimately linked to knowledge. We often find Socratic discussions of the former leading into the latter. What will you put forth as the subject of enquiry?
And if you find what you want, how will you ever know that this is the thing which you did not know? You argue that man cannot enquire either about that which he knows, or about that which he does not know; for if he knows, he has no need to enquire; and if not, he cannot; for he does not know the, very subject about which he is to enquire.
And how would you answer it?Since, according to Plato (and Socrates), virtue and happiness require knowledge, e.g., knowledge of goods and evils, Plato's ethics is inseparable from his epistemology. Epistemology is, broadly speaking, the study of what knowledge is and how one comes to have knowledge.
Epistemology and metaphysics as described by Socrates is the crux of this article. Socrates here is all set to assess the wisdom of the candidates. He goes about arguing as to who is wiser and the various aspects of wisdom. In the Meno we find Socrates in conversation with Meno who is a young Once we get a grasp of the epistemology Socrates is expounding we'll be.
Meno (/ ˈ m iː n oʊ /; Greek: Μένων, Menōn) is a Socratic dialogue written by torosgazete.com appears to attempt to determine the definition of virtue, or arete, meaning virtue in general, rather than particular virtues, such as justice or torosgazete.com first part of the work is written in the Socratic dialectical style and Meno is reduced to confusion or aporia.
Socrates does not fully refute Meno’s paradox by forming the recollection theory and backing it up with evidence from the experiment with the boy and defining the nature of knowledge because he never addresses the issue of learning.
A paradox is a true statement or group of statements that leads to a contradiction or situation, which defies intuition (Wikipedia). In Plato’s Meno, Meno and Socrates engage in the typical Socratic elenctic method of examination pertaining to the topic of virtue.