The Human Papillomavirus can be dangerous because some versions are known to lead to cancer.
Open in a separate window The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices ACIPin concert with other professional associations, recommends the administration schedule of vaccines Despite the annual recommendations, there is no national governing body to implement these recommendations.
In the US, school vaccination requirements are generally decided by each state legislature.
The CDC maintains federal Vaccines for Children VFC in all 50 states and provides vaccine and some state Medicaid programs also cover underinsured and Hpv vaccine pros and cons children. Many states appear to endorse the administration of the vaccine, but neither mandate universal compliance nor provide adequate funding for the vaccine administration Despite these objections, the public health benefits of the vaccine Hpv vaccine pros and cons cost effectiveness have been validated in multiple studies.
For female patients, the cervical cancer prevention with vaccine administration remains superior to cervical cancer screening programs employing Papanicolaou smears alone. They concluded that studies consistently show that the HPV vaccines can have a substantial impact on the epidemiology of HPV disease Only longer observation of trends over time will validate these conclusions.
Cons of HPV vaccine administration The benefits of vaccine administration for HPV prevention have been summarized in the preceding section, but what are the risks and downsides to widespread adoption of the vaccination program?
The findings were similar to safety reviews of other vaccines recommended for a similar age group  and compared to such vaccines as meningitis and Tdap. Overall, the vaccine continues to be safe and effective and concluded that benefits continue to outweigh its risks.
The main findings are summarized below as compiled from the reports with updated data to the July report More than 67 million doses were administered nationally since the HPV vaccine was licensed in June until March Adverse events are considered serious if it is life threatening, or results in death, permanent disability, abnormal conditions at birth, hospitalization or prolonged administration.
The most common events reported for both male and female patients were: Syncope or fainting -common after needle injections, especially in pre-teens and teens; Local reactions at the site of immunization pain and redness ; Dizziness; Nausea; Headache.
The most recent report from June June reported 85 deaths after the vaccine. Upon further screening of the reported deaths, there were no common patterns to the deaths that would suggest that they were caused by the vaccine.
Some of the deaths were attributable to diabetes, viral illness, illicit drug use, and heart failure.
There were two reports of unusual neurological illness that were variants of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis ALS that resulted in the deaths of two young females. This finding is being evaluated by several highly regarded academic centers. There was increased reporting of syncope and pulmonary emboli compared to other vaccines given to females of the same age.
The VAERS reports cannot prove the vaccine caused the adverse event in women with these risk factors.
A follow-up report authored by Bednarczyk et al. For the uptake of at least one dose of the vaccine, rates increased from Federally funded programs covering Medicaid beneficiaries most likely account for the increased coverage of the minority and below-poverty adolescents The resistance to vaccination appears to be related to the education of both healthcare providers and parents regarding the side effects of the vaccination and the ethical issues relating to human sexuality.
Clearly, there is room for more education and counseling to improve the acceptance of the vaccine series. Ethical and practical considerations From the epidemiological perspective, widespread adoption of universal vaccination against HPV has strong supporting evidence.
Worldwide, HPV infection is responsible for half a million cases of cancer and more thandeaths every year 28 The highest incidence of the virus is occurs in developing countries that do not have resources to promote prevention or insure adequate treatment of the disease.
The current worldwide scope of vaccination is greater than , people worldwide being vaccinated since the introduction of the vaccines in To date, none of the deaths that occurred after vaccine administration have been directly linked to the vaccine.
In JuneJapan became the only country to cease the active promotion of the vaccine for patients until more studies related to the incidence of side effects could be completed Navarro-Illano and colleagues published a thought-provoking summary debate regarding the ethical considerations of universal vaccination against HPV in since the country of Spain was considering the adoption of an HPV vaccine program Several ethical issues are highlighted in their analysis including whether to vaccinate people who have opted to abstain from sex and whether obtaining the vaccine increases the early onset of sexual relations In the first instance, absolute sexual abstinence is a very difficult parameter to measure especially in the early age group that has been targeted for the initial vaccination series.
From a more scientific perspective, the antibody titer generated at the younger age appears to be highest between the ages of Aside from the physical process of vaccination, the more important issues influencing the success of these programs are the educational components that counsel patients and parents regarding the initiation of sexual activity as well as the awareness of the serious health consequences of HPV infection These programs are not successful in isolation and need the educational component to help decrease other higher risk sexual behaviors.The human papilloma virus, or HPV, is a viral infection primarily transmitted through sexual contact.
It can cause genital warts and cervical cancer in infected people. People can reduce their risk of infection by receiving one of the two HPV vaccines available as of The HPV vaccine has been the subject of much controversy, primarily because it is recommended for preteens prior to becoming sexually active.
It is important for all parents to discuss the pros and cons of HPV vaccines with their children to inform, educate, and help protect them from the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. WebMD discusses the arguments for and against HPV vaccination and explains the risks and benefits associated with it.
But because the HPV vaccine produces higher levels of antibodies that fight HPV infection in preteens than it does in older teens or young adults, the CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends that the vaccine be administered to children between 11 and 12 years of age.
Jul 17, · Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection remains one of the most commonly sexually transmitted infections in both females and males. HPV viruses are associated with several manifestations including genital warts, but more importantly for urology practitioners, cervical and .
The HPV vaccine is a safe and effective vaccine that can protect children and adults from HPV-related diseases. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend that preteens receive.