And the farther along in school you get, the more complex and demanding the essays will become. It's important that you learn early on how to write effective essays that communicate clearly and accomplish specific objectives. An essay is a written composition where you express a specific idea and then support it with facts, statements, analysis and explanations. The basic format for an essay is known as the five paragraph essay — but an essay may have as many paragraphs as needed.
Paragraph Structure Use effective paragraph structure to explain and support your thesis statement. Effective paragraphs are important in all types of writing. Your paragraphs guide your reader through the paper by helping to explain, substantiate, and support your thesis Essay basic format or argument.
Each paragraph should discuss one major point or idea. An effective paragraph has three parts: Claim This is also sometimes called a topic sentence. This will be your way of announcing the main focus of your paragraph; it should tell the reader what your paragraph will be about.
Just as in the thesis statement, your topic sentences should be debatable. In other words, they should be arguable claims that you will try to "prove" with your evidence.
If you get stuck developing these claims, try to think of reasons why your thesis is true. Your "reasons" for this might include health benefits, environmental benefits, cost-effectiveness, and safety, so you would focus one paragraph on each of these topics.
One of the most common mistakes is to present a topic sentence that is actually an observation of facts or a description of events rather than an active argument.
Here are some sample claims for the "health benefits of soy" paragraph: Claim based on a fact or event weak: Soy milk contains healthy isoflavones and nutrients. Claim based on an active argument stronger: The isoflavones and nutrients in soy milk help to protect the body from disease and promote good health, so soy is a better choice.
The first example is weak because it presents facts that cannot be disputed; the second example is stronger because it uses those facts to make an argument.
As you can see, the second example not only tells the reader that soy contains healthy isoflavones and nutrients, but it also argues that these facts make soy milk a better choice.
To evaluate whether your paper contains effective claims in each paragraph, read only the first sentence of each paragraph. These should tell you the main points that you are making throughout the paper.
Your claims will also prepare the reader for the second section of your paragraph. Evidence This is how you support, or back up, your claims. The evidence will help to "prove" each claim to the reader.
In a paper that incorporates research from secondary sources, your evidence may include information from articles, books, electronic sources, or any of the research you gathered.
The evidence may take the form of a direct quotation, paraphrased material, statistical data, or any other information from one of your sources that helps to support your claim. Try to incorporate information from several sources into each paragraph.
Avoid just "retelling" the information from a single author or article.Basic Essay and Paragraph Format Note: This document should only be used as a reference and should not replace assignment guidelines. Utah Valley University (UVU) does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, sexual orientation.
We use the term “generic essay” to talk about non-specific essay writing tasks.
They can be assigned to us in many diverse fields – high school, college or work, as part of pre pharmacy coursework or any asa style paper in general.
Research & writing for assignments. University assignments are a big challenge, but we can guide you. Get help with all aspects of your assignment, from research to writing. Proofreading is the last step in revising an essay - don't skip it!
A single typo can sometimes ruin the hard work of an entire paper. This lesson.
English Handout: How to Write an Opinion Essay. The basic five-paragraph essay structure, which you have probably used many times by this point, works extremely well for an opinion essay. Â Â Â Apart from this basic structure of the college essay, another important factor of the college essay format is the font type and size used.
Generally, the common font type allowed for college essay is Times New Roman (size 12) with a margin of 1 inch for all sides of the paper.