Common risk factors in the returns

Become a patient Cervical cancer risk factors Infection of the cervix with human papillomavirus HPV is the most common cause of cervical cancer. However, not all women with an HPV infection will develop cervical cancer. Routine Pap testing is the best way to detect abnormal changes to the cervix before they develop into cancer. Because of this, women who do not regularly have a Pap test are at increased risk of developing the disease.

Common risk factors in the returns

And while rates will undoubtedly rise again at some point, guaranteed instruments will never outpace inflation. Those who are willing to explore some of these options can significantly increase their investment income without having to lie awake at night worrying whether their money will still be there in the morning.

There are several types and levels of risk that a given investment can have: The risk that an investment will lose value due to a change in interest rates applies to fixed-income investments Reinvestment Risk: The risk that an investment will be reinvested at a lower rate of interest when it matures applies to fixed-income investments Political Risk: The risk that a foreign investment will lose value because of political action in that country holdings located in developing countries are particularly susceptible to this Legislative Risk: The risk that an investment will lose value or other advantages that it offers because of new legislation all investments are subject to this risk Liquidity Risk: The risk that an investment will not be available for liquidation when it is needed applies to fixed-income investments and real estate and other property that may not be able to be quickly sold at an equitable price Purchasing Power Risk: The risk that an investment will lose its purchasing power due to inflation applies to fixed-income investments Tax Risk: The risk that an investment will lose its value or return on capital because of taxation most investments are subject to this risk Fixed income investments, such as bonds and CDs, are typically subject to interest rate, reinvestment, purchasing power, and liquidity risk, while stocks and other equity-based investments are more vulnerable to market risk.

And while a few investments, such as municipal bonds and annuitiesare at least partially shielded from tax risk, no investment is safe from political or legislative risk. With this in mind, the risk-to-reward investment spectrum can be broken down as follows: Oil and gas investmentslimited partnerships, financial derivativespenny stockscommodities Understanding where different types of investments fall in the risk-to-reward spectrum can help investors identify opportunities to seek greater returns while still maintaining a modicum of safety.

Very Low- to Moderate-Risk Investments There is no such thing as a risk-free investment — all investments, including those that are guaranteed to return principal, carry some sort of risk.

Tools for Decision Analysis

But those who are willing to venture into the low- to moderate-risk category of investments can find substantially better yields than those offered in the safe category. There are a number of good choices in these categories: Preferred Stock Preferred stock is a hybrid security that trades like a stock but acts like a bond in many respects.

Some of the other characteristics of preferred stock include: Preferred offerings usually pay monthly or quarterly, and their dividends can qualify for capital gains treatment in some cases. Preferred stock also has very little liquidity risk, as it can be sold at any time without penalty.

The main types of risk that preferred stock carries are market risk and tax risk. There are a few types of preferred stock: Accumulates any dividends that the issuing company cannot pay due to to financial problems.

When the company is able to catch up on its obligations, then all past due dividends will be paid to shareholders. Allows shareholders to receive larger dividends if the company is doing well financially.This paper identifies five common risk factors in the returns on stocks and bonds.

There are three stock-market factors: an overall market factor and factors related to firm size and book-to. Young investors should take advantage of their age and their increased ability to take on risk, Learn how to steer clear of common mistakes many make.

A FD is a type of financial instrument offered by banks and it allows individuals to deposit sums of money for fixed periods of time, like 1 month, 6 months, 1 year, 5 years etc. Common Risk Factors in the Cross-Section of Corporate Bond Returns Online Appendix Section A.1 discusses the results from orthogonalized risk characteristics.

Section A.2 reports the results for the downside risk factor constructed from alternative measures of downside risk. Cervical cancer risk factors.

GENERAL. Pregnancy: Women who have had three or more full-term pregnancies, or who had their first full-term pregnancy before age 17, are twice as likely to get cervical cancer. GENETICS.

Common risk factors in the returns

Family history: Women with a sister or mother who had cervical cancer are two to three times more likely to develop cervical cancer. LIFESTYLE. The causes of breast cancer aren't fully understood, making it difficult to say why one woman may develop breast cancer and another may not.

However, there are risk factors known to affect your likelihood of developing breast cancer.

Cervical Cancer Risk Factors: Pregnancy, HPV, others | CTCA