The history of media regulation in Australia First published: Tuesday 6 October 4: Large media companies have consistently benefitted from changes to media regulation in Australia. Government regulation of the airwaves in Australia goes back to the s, when the federal government began to issue licenses, first for radio and then, in the s, for television.
Nutritional and metabolic diseases Abstract Objective: To assess the impact of the quick-service restaurant industry QSRI self-regulatory initiative on fast-food advertising to children on Australian commercial television.
The limited impact of self-regulation suggests that governments should define the policy framework for regulating fast-food advertising to children.
Food advertisements were identified and coded by food category, using a classification system applied in previous studies: Each fast-food advertisement was further coded by: When the energy value was unavailable from the websites, the relevant companies were contacted for this information.
Statistical analysis The dependent variable was the number of advertisements during the 4-day sample period in each year. Counts of advertisements were analysed using four regression models: Offsets were total advertisements for fast-food, core, non-core and miscellaneous foods and total fast-food advertisements for each fast-food category.
Analyses were conducted using Stata, version A two-way interaction term between company type and year was included in the models, analysing the count of non-core fast food, and non-core fast food in peak times, to assess the impact of the QSRI initiative.
Results Sampled fast-food advertisements comprised those promoting healthier alternatives at least one core food advertisednon-core foods, or other company brand or specific promotion only Box 1.
The mean frequency of total food advertisements increased significantly from 6. However, changes in food advertising varied across food categories; excluding fast-food advertising, the rate of advertisements for non-core foods ie, sugared beverages and confectionery decreased while advertising for miscellaneous foods rose, and that for core foods remained the same Box 2.
However, relative to all fast-food advertising, the rate of non-core fast-food advertisements decreased significantly Box 2.
This occurred with an increase in the rate of fast-food advertisements promoting healthier alternatives and those promoting other aspects Box 2. Three of these were advertised for a family and one for a child only, based on who was depicted consuming the meal in the advertisement.
Since the self-regulatory QSRI initiative came into effect, fast-food advertising on television increased overall. The ambiguity of industry specifications, as well as the narrow approach of the QSRI initiative, underlines the rationale for the World Health Organization recommendations for governments to set clear definitions for policies on food advertising to children, to facilitate uniform implementation, monitoring and evaluation.
However, these variations in the focus of fast-food advertisements, targetting multiple products or simply the brand, pose a challenge for monitoring and regulatory systems.
Finally, we found that fast-food advertisements promoting healthier alternatives still promoted some non-core foods Box 1. This use of references to foods that are additional to the main product being advertised has been recognised in previous literature.
However, these sample periods were within comparable seasons and excluded holidays and special events.
Previous research has also found no significant differences in the proportion of advertisements for foods between 1-week and 4-day samples.The limitations of current industry-based self-regulatory initiatives that are illustrated in our study reinforce the recommendations of the World Health Organization on the need for government leadership to set the policy framework and key definitions for restrictions on food marketing to children Forget all the emotive arguments for and against self-regulation of the media.
|THE AUSTRALIAN SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT||They not only have to be careful about the time limits but also to be mindful of the increasing emphasis placed upon the quality of work by their teachers.|
|Connect With Us Self-Regulation:|
|Infosheet 20 - The Australian system of government – Parliament of Australia||This Infosheet is about the national or central government, usually called the Federal Government or the Commonwealth Government.|
The numbers alone paint a clear picture: 70% of the top 50 countries in the Reporters Without Borders and Freedom. The Importance of Self Regulation of the Media in upholding freedom of expression been waging over its media system, at least since its Constituent Assembly.
Among the highlights over in building the different aspects of a regulatory policy for the media sector a three-article-series of studies. The Australian political system has borrowed many aspects from the British system, as a consequence of the membership of the Commonwealth.
The Parliament is extremely important in Australia, as it is the keystone of our system of representative democracy (Singleton ). In addition, the specialist mental health system is seriously under-funded (McGorry and Yung, ).
While Australias national health spending continues to grow past $72 billion the total recurrent mental health spending has consistently remained below 7% of this figure (Hickie et al., ).
Only time will tell if the ASB Advertising Self-Regulation Australasian Marketing Journal 9 (1), 17 can make a virtue out of this necessity and draw on the unwritten support of the various media bodies to assist the self-regulatory system evolve.