Overview[ edit ] In the scientific methodan experiment is an empirical procedure that arbitrates competing models or hypotheses. However, an experiment may also aim to answer a "what-if" question, without a specific expectation about what the experiment reveals, or to confirm prior results. If an experiment is carefully conducted, the results usually either support or disprove the hypothesis.
Introductory Statement We thank our God for the blessings of the last two years. We have found a profound unity among ourselves on the issues of vital importance to our Reformed testimony. We believe that the Scriptures, and hence Genesisare the inerrant word of God.
We affirm that Genesis is a coherent account from the hand of Moses. We believe that history, not myth, is the proper category for describing these chapters; and furthermore that their history is true. Because the Bible is the word of the Creator and Governor of all there is, it is right for us to find it speaking authoritatively to matters studied by historical and scientific research.
We also believe that acceptance of, say, non-geocentric astronomy is consistent with full submission to Biblical authority. We recognize that a naturalistic worldview and true Christian faith are impossible to reconcile, and gladly take our stand with Biblical supernaturalism.
The Committee has been unable to come to unanimity over the nature and duration of the creation days. Nevertheless, our goal has been to enhance the unity, integrity, faithfulness and proclamation of the Church.
Therefore we are presenting a unanimous report with the understanding that the members hold to different exegetical viewpoints. As to the rest we are at one. It is our hope and prayer that the Church at large can join us in a principled, Biblical recognition of both the unity and diversity we have regarding this doctrine, and that all are seeking properly to understand biblical revelation.
It is our earnest desire not to see our beloved church divide over this issue. Background to the Current Discussion of the Creation Days The debate over the nature of the creation days is, theologically speaking, a humble one.
Nevertheless, behind this matter of the Genesis days, and connected with it, are issues of some significance to the Bible-believing Christian community. Most obviously, the discussion of the nature of the creation days is a part of what has been one of the most important sustained theological issues in the Western world over the last century or so: The doctrine of creation undergirds all truth.
Creation and providence are a constant revelation of God, rendering all men inexcusable before him. The issues among us are more specific than the doctrine of creation as such. Among the vast number of biblical texts about creation, we are primarily discussing the exegesis of Genesis 1.
We do not appeal to this history as finally authoritative; the Bible alone must have the final word. But a recounting of history may provide for us some helpful boundaries in this debate and give us a sense of what the best theological minds of the ages have done with this issue.
In the fourteen centuries prior to the Westminster Assembly numerous commentaries on the days of creation in Genesis were produced. Out of all of this literature it is possible to distinguish two general schools of thought on the nature of the six days.
One class of interpreters tends to interpret the days figuratively or allegorically e.
From the early church, however, the views of Origen, Basil, Augustine and Bede seem to have had the greatest influence on later thinking.
While they vary in their interpretation of the days, all recognize the difficulty presented by the creation of the sun on the fourth day. He regards them as hour days, but he acknowledges the problem of the sun being created only on the fourth day.
With the Venerable Bede c. One school, which Bonaventure [13th century]. Day was made when light flowed into the world, night, when the light was drawn back.
The more common opinion of the Latins was that the first light, when it came into being, had diurnal or twenty-four-hour rotation; it moved around the universe in twenty-four hours, just as the sun will when it comes into being three days hence. The eastern or Greek church also entertained a variety of views on the days of creation, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Diodore of Tarsus, and Theodoret teaching more fanciful versions than that of Basil.
John Calvin in his Commentary on Genesis 1: God had before created the light, but he now institutes a new order in nature, that the sun should be dispenser of diurnal light, and the moon and stars should shine by night. And he assigns them this office, to teach us that all creatures are subject to his will, and execute what he enjoins upon them.
It did not, however, happen from inconsideration or by accident, that the light preceded the sun and the moon. To nothing are we more prone than to tie down the power of God to those instruments, the agency of which he employs. The sun and moon supply us with light: Therefore the Lord, by the very order of the creation, bears witness that he holds in his hand the light, which he is able to impart to us without the sun and the moon.
Then he goes on to say: Further, it is certain, from the context, that the light was so created as to be interchanged with darkness.
But it may be asked, whether light and darkness succeeded each other in turn through the whole circuit of the world; or whether the darkness occupied one half of the circle, while light shone in the other.
There is, however, no doubt that the order of their succession was alternate, but whether it was everywhere day at the same time, and everywhere night also, I would rather leave undecided; nor is it very necessary to be known.Organizational analysis: Organizational analysis, in management science, the study of the processes that characterize all kinds of organizations, including business firms, government agencies, labour unions, and voluntary associations such as sports clubs, charities, and .
CSE Introduction to Computers. Introduces central ideas of computing and computer science, instills practices of computational thinking, and engages students in the creative aspects of the field.
Despite increased participation opportunities for girls and women in sport, they are underrepresented in leadership positions at all levels of sport. The theory of evolution is a naturalistic theory of the history of life on earth (this refers to the theory of evolution which employs methodological naturalism and is taught in schools and universities).
Merriam-Webster's dictionary gives the following definition of evolution: "a theory that the various types of animals and plants have their origin in other preexisting types and that the.
My interest in Medieval science was substantially sparked by one book. Way back in , when I was an impoverished and often starving post-graduate student at the University of Tasmania, I found a copy of Robert T.
Gunther's Astrolabes of the World - folio pages of meticulously catalogued Islam. Scientific racism (sometimes referred to as race biology, racial biology, or race realism) is the pseudoscientific belief that empirical evidence exists to support or justify racism (racial discrimination), racial inferiority, or racial superiority.