Surviving Marriage in the Wilderness. Hargrove and Maurine Magliocco.
With the rise of Islam in the seventh century A. Over time the Arab identity lost its purely ethnic roots as millions in the Middle East and North Africa adopted the Arabic language and integrated Arab culture with that of their own.
It embraces numerous national and regional groups as well as many non-Muslim religious minorities. Arab Christians, particularly in the countries of Egypt and the Fertile Crescent Syria, Iraq, Palestine, and Jordan constitute roughly ten percent of the population.
In Lebanon, Christians of various sects approach just under half of the population, while in Egypt, Christians comprise between ten and 15 percent of the population. Previous estimates by scholars and Arab American community organizations placed the number of Arab Americans at between one and three million.
The discrepancy is partly due to the standardization of Arabs in the United States, leading many to conceal their ethnic affiliation. The traditional suspicion of Middle Easterners toward government authorities seeking information of a personal nature compounds this problem. These two factors, along with standard problems in collecting census data, probably explain the discrepancy between the estimates of scholars and the actual census count.
Considering these factors, a revised estimate likely would place the number of Arab Americans in the range of one to two million.
The census indicates that most Arab Americans are U. Arab Americans are geographically concentrated in a handful of cities and states. Arab immigrants represent a tiny fraction of the overall migration to the United States, constituting less than three percent of the total.
In her study of the census data, El-Badry found that more than 27, people from Arab countries immigrated to the United States in68 percent more than those who arrived ten years earlier, not including Palestinians from Israel or Israeli-occupied territory.
Approximately 20 percent of the 78, Arab immigrants who arrived in the United States between and were Lebanese. The remainder were from Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Iraq. The figures for Sudan and Yemen, though small in comparison, indicated rapid growth from these politically unstable countries.
Following the breakup of the Empire, the province was partitioned into the separate political entities of Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, and Transjordan. The vast majority of immigrants in this wave were members of Christian minorities.
Although some writers claim that these immigrants left their native countries for religious or political reasons, the evidence suggests that they were drawn to the United States and other countries by economic opportunity.
Of the approximately 60, Arabs who emigrated to the United States between andapproximately half were illiterate, and 68 percent were single males.
The early immigrants were mostly unskilled single men who had left their families behind. Like many economically motivated immigrants during this period, Arabs left with the intention of earning money and returning home to live out the remainder of their lives in relative prosperity.
The major exception to this pattern was a small group of Arab writers, poets, and artists who took up residence in major urban centers such as New York and Boston.She is the editor of Women Writers of Spanish America: An Annotated Bio-Bibliographical Guide (Greenwood Press, ) and is currently completing The Sexual Woman in Twentieth-Century Latin American Novels, a comparative study of female sexuality in Brazilian and Spanish American torosgazete.com: Diane Marting.
Arab Americans - History, Modern era, Arabs in america, Significant immigration waves A-Br. Legacy: A Journal of American Women Writers, vol. 4, no.
2, , pp. Reichardt, Mary R.
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Black american writers bibliographical essays. Nineteenth-Century American Women Writers: A Bio-bibliographical Critical Sourcebook profiles much of the recovery work of the past three decades in a number of useful ways. With some exceptions, its mini-biographies provide excellent portraits of the seventy-five authors; they can serve as a court of first resort for those seeking a preliminary impression of a Rose Terry Cooke, a Sarah Orne Jewett, a Harriet E.