Arrested in January Betrayed by another Soviet spy.
Visit Website Such ideas were not totally unfounded. As apprehension about Soviet influence grew as the Cold War heated up, U. On March 21,President Harry S. Truman issued Executive Orderalso known as the Loyalty Order, which mandated that all federal employees be analyzed to determine whether they were sufficiently loyal to the government.
Yet it was only one of many questionable activities that occurred during the period of anticommunist hysteria known as the Red Scare. Probing Red Influence One of the pioneering efforts to investigate communist activities took place in the U.
Under pressure from the negative publicity aimed at their studios, movie executives created blacklists that barred suspected radicals from employment; similar lists were also established in other industries.
Another congressional investigator, U. McCarthy of Wisconsinbecame the person most closely associated with the anticommunist crusade—and with its excesses.
McCarthy used hearsay and intimidation to establish himself as a powerful and feared figure in American politics. He leveled charges of disloyalty at celebrities, intellectuals and anyone who disagreed with his political views, costing many of his victims their reputations and jobs.
The FBI and its longtime director, J. Edgar Hooveraided many of the legislative investigations of communist activities.
An ardent anticommunist, Hoover had been a key player in an earlier, though less pervasive, Red Scare in the years following World War I The information obtained by the FBI proved essential in high-profile legal cases, including the conviction of 12 prominent leaders of the American Communist Party on charges that they had advocated the overthrow of the government.
Hysteria and Growing Conservatism Public concerns about communism were heightened by international events. Inthe Soviet Union successfully tested a nuclear bomb and communist forces led by Mao Zedong took control of China. The following year saw the start of the Korean Warwhich engaged U.
The advances of communism around the world convinced many U.
Figures such as McCarthy and Hoover fanned the flames of fear by wildly exaggerating that possibility. As the Red Scare intensified, its political climate turned increasingly conservative. Elected officials from both major parties sought to portray themselves as staunch anticommunists, and few people dared to criticize the questionable tactics used to persecute suspected radicals.
Membership in leftist groups dropped as it became clear that such associations could lead to serious consequences, and dissenting voices from the left side of the political spectrum fell silent on a range of important issues.
In judicial affairs, for example, support for free speech and other civil liberties eroded significantly.
|The Microdots Five||The History Learning Site, 9 Mar Spies and spying became part of the Cold War game.|
|The Work Of A Nation. The Center of Intelligence.||Efforts to use espionage for military advantage are well documented throughout history. Sun Tzua theorist in ancient China who influenced Asian military thinking, still has an audience in the 21st century for the Art of War.|
|Who was to blame for the Cold War?||In regard to the history of American communism the essay demonstrates a significant shift by two major left historians; but in regard to the history of American anticommunism, however, little has changed. The two issues are inextricably mixed and as welcome as movement on the first matter is, the immobility on the second shows the still yawning gap between their perspective and mine.|
|Cold War - Wikipedia||Post InCommunism in the Soviet Union collapsed.|
This trend was symbolized by the U. Supreme Court ruling in Dennis v. United States, which said that the free-speech rights of accused Communists could be restricted because their actions presented a clear and present danger to the government.Background Information.
Soviet espionage in the United States during the Cold War was an outgrowth in World War II nuclear espionage, and Cold War espionage was depicted in works such as the James Bond and Matt Helm books and movies.. During the Cold War, information was a key torosgazete.com was vital to know what the adversary was up .
In this lesson, we will learn about espionage during the Cold War.
We will examine the need for spying during this time period and we will. Cold War Web Sites; Lesson Plans, Activities, and more; Cold War Web Sites.
Cold War: From Yalta to Malta (CNN) This CNN Perspectives series explores the Cold War .
Cold War espionage describes the intelligence gathering activities during the Cold War (circa ) between the Western allies (chief US, UK and NATO) and the Eastern Bloc (The Soviet Union and aligned countries of Warsaw Pact). COLD WAR - KOREA - VIETNAM - PERSIAN GULF WAR - AMERICA'S WAR ON TERRORISM Updated April COLD WAR TIMELINE: Cold War TIMELINE: Cold War Spies and Espionage TIMELINE: Nuclear Age.
Part of a series on the History of the Cold War. Origins of the Cold War; World War II (Hiroshima and Nagasaki)War conferences Eastern Bloc Western Bloc Iron Curtain: Cold War (–) Cold War (–).